předsálí stálé expozice Uměleckoprůmyslového musea v Praze

Panenka, 1920–25
firma Lenci (?), Enrico Scavini, Itálie
tělo z tlačeného filcu, obličej malovaný, pohyblivé končetiny
UPM, inv. č. 89.281

Panenka, kolem r. 1930
Čechy nebo Německo
tělo z tlačeného filcu
UPM, inv. č. 94.668

Panenky patří k nejstarším druhům hraček a ze sběratelského hlediska představují bohatý a různorodý materiál. Vedle známějších typů s porcelánovým poprsím, dřevěných panenek s kloubovými končetinami nebo celuloidových plaváčků existuje široká škála látkových panenek (kožené, textilní, vycpávané).

Firma Lenci vyráběla od roku 1918 látkové panenky z tlačeného filcu. V roce 1922 zaregistroval Enrico Scavini v italském Turíně tuto značku, vytvořenou jako akrostichon latinského textu Ludus Est Nobis Constanter Industria (Hra je naší prací).
První panenky z rodinné dílny vznikaly mechanickým postupem – tlačením párou. Poté jim byl namalován obličej a byly ustrojeny do typických červenobíle kostkovaných šatů. Panenky Lenci jsou tzv. charakterové typy s výrazem. Mají pohyblivé končetiny s prošitými prsty a kompletní oblečení a obutí. Charakteristické je pro ně přiznání švů, u jednoho z výrazných typů panenky Lenci probíhá šev podélně obličejem. S rozšířením obchodu do Ameriky přichází spolupráce s umělci a designéry, kteří navrhují nejen podobu panenek, ale i jejich oblečení, které v určitých případech sleduje soudobou módu. Během dlouhé existence firmy se nabídka rozrostla o výrobu samotných hlaviček určených pro kompozitní panenky, výrobu dřevěných panenek a porcelánových figurín.

Marie Míčová
2018) 2017) 2016) 2015) 2014) 2013) 2012) 2011) 2010) 2009) 2008) 2007) 2006)

Panenky (1920 – 1930)
UPM, inv. č. 89.281 / UPM, inv. č. 94.668
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