In the year 2000 the National Gallery in Prague underwent a programme of major organisational re-structuring, during which it was decided that the Trade Fair Palace should house the collections of the 19th century art, as well as collections of modern and contemporary art. The displays in the permanent galleries were radically over-hauled. The authors of the new concept aimed at creating a complex overview of the cultural and spiritual atmosphere at various stages in history, as they were reflected in the fine and applied arts, in architecture, industrial design, set design and in the film industry. Rather than just documenting the development in the arts of the 19th and 20th centuries in a chronological line, a critical selection of the most prominent personalities has been made and their representative collections are displayed. The majority of work on display is of Czech origin, other European art is presented in small sections.
In the permanent exhibitions at the Trade Fair Palace applied arts and design are displayed in a wider period context alongside paintings and sculpture. In the applied arts galleries, a dialogue between artists’design, industrial production, and crafts is followed from the beginning of the 19th century to the present day. The galleries are arranged by styles in the following sections: Classicism, Biedermeier, Neo-Gothic, Neo-Renaissance, Art Nouveau, Cubism, Art Déco, Modernism, Expo 58. All areas of decorative arts are represented: furniture, design for interior decoration, including wallpapers, glass, ceramics, tapestries, fashion, metalwork, bookbinding, posters, and photography.
The new display is the result of a close collaboration between the National Gallery and the Museum of Decorative Arts in Prague, National Technological Museum, National Film Archive and several regional museums.

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