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The Modern Pictorialism of D. J. Ruzicka) Moderní piktorialismus D. J. Růžičky The most accomplished amateur photographers of the first half of the 20th century in the United States devoted themselves to Pictorialist photography. They actively sought artistic expression through beautiful, technically mastered images. Drahomír Josef Růžička, a physician who worked and lived in Manhattan, New York, held a prominent place among the Pictorialists who gained recognition after World War I. He was a founding member of such associations as the Pictorial Photographers of America and Pittsburgh Salon, and an inspirer of photographic club life throughout the country. New York was his favourite theme. Beginning in 1921, he regularly visited Czechoslovakia, where his approach to the photographic medium was regarded as revolutionary and where he stimulated the avant-garde movement in photography. The reproductions come from the collections of the Museum od Decorative Arts in Prague, the Moravian Gallery in Brno, the Jacques Baruch Gallery, and other institutions.