The collection of antique porcelain, one of the best among European museum collections, comprises 1200 pieces. It began originally with occasional acquisitions, and only after the First World War was it built up systematically, with important acquisitions of Meissen and Vienna porcelain, and with further additions later. The focus of the collections is on European production of the 18th and 19th centuries, with particular emphasis on the Czech porcelain industry. The MDA in Prague owns the largest collection of Bohemian porcelain of its kind.

Among the star pieces of the collections are undoubtedly examples of Meissen porcelain, represented here continuously from the early years of the production until the beginning of the 19th century. Of particular interest and quality are Bötger stoneware and Bötger early porcelain, chinoiserie painting of the Heroldt period, examples of Hausmalerei — painting by independent artists — and a collection of pieces modelled by famous modellers (J. G. Kirchner, J.J. Kändler, J. F. Eberlein, P. Reinicke, F. E. Meyer and others).

The collection of Vienna porcelain also deserves special attention. It contains pieces from early years of the manufacture until the Classicist period. There is a remarkable group of pieces from the du Paquier period, works of the painting studio of K. Sorgenthal and an excellent collection of sculptures.

Other leading European manufacturers such as Sėvres, Nymphenburg (terracotta models by D. Auliček), Höchst, Berlin, Frankenthal, Fürstenberg, Ludwigsburg, Fulda, Petrohrad and others are represented by smaller numbers of exhibits.

Bohemian porcelain is represented primarily by a continuous line of products of manufacture in Slavkov (Schlagenwald) — the oldest porcelain manufacture in Bohemia, with focus on its Biedermeier period when the production was at its peak. Another important and comprehensive collection is the collection of pieces made in Klösterle, with an excellent group of work from the second quarter of the 19th century and the culminating years of the 1850s.

Small covered Tureen
Probably Abraham Seuter, Augsburg, 1725—1730
Meissen porcelain painted with gold