Furniture, being only an insignificant part of private collections of the main Museum’s benefactors and founders, was at first collected randomly rather than systematically. Acquisitions made at the end of the 19th century were focused on the period of the Middle Ages, Renaissance and Mannerism. As a result, the Museum houses a remarkable assembly of Renaissance and Mannerist cabinets, tables and boards made from precious stones in the so-called pietra dura technique, executed in Prague workshops at the court of Rudolf II, and in Augsburg, Spanish and Cheb workshops (the technique of Cheb marquetry).

The collection of Baroque furniture was systematically enlarged in the 1950s and 1960s with work by important Czech master furniture makers, designed by architects K.I. Dienzenhofer, J.A. Santini, M.I. Platzer as well as anonymous production. The first half of the 19th century is represented by a significant collection of furniture in Czech and Central European Biedermeier style, while the second half by work of important Czech architects in various historical styles, and later at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries by Art Nouveau furniture. A unique collection of furniture in Cubist, Art Deco, Modernist and Functionalist styles dominate the 20th century collections.